5,829 cases of dengue in Sri Lanka during the first half of January

Subarna Debbarma (BPT, DNHE)

According to the latest update from the National Dengue Control Unit (NDCU) on Tuesday, there have been 5,829 reported cases of dengue in Sri Lanka during the first half of January 2024.

The Western Province recorded the highest number with 1,956 cases, followed by the Northern Province with 1,390 cases. In the previous year, Sri Lanka reported 88,398 dengue cases and 57 deaths, as stated by the NDCU. 

To address the rising numbers, the Health Ministry declared a nationwide dengue prevention week earlier in January to mitigate the spread of the mosquito-borne disease in the South Asian country.

Dengue in srilanka


What is dengue?

Dengue is a viral infection transmitted primarily by mosquitoes, particularly the Aedes aegypti mosquito. It is caused by the dengue virus, which belongs to the Flaviviridae family. Dengue fever is prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.

The symptoms of dengue fever can range from mild to severe and typically include:

1. High Fever: Sudden onset of a high fever is a common symptom.
2. Severe Headache: Intense headaches are often reported by individuals with dengue.
3. Pain Behind the Eyes: Some people may experience pain and discomfort behind the eyes.
4. Joint and Muscle Pain: Dengue fever is often associated with severe joint and muscle pain.
5. Fatigue: Weakness and fatigue are common during the infection.
6. Skin Rash: A rash may develop on the skin, and in some cases, it can be accompanied by bleeding.


Q &A of Dengue in Srilanka

Here some Questions and Answers about Dengue in Srilanka.

1. What is the current dengue situation in Sri Lanka?

   - The current dengue situation can vary, and it's advisable to check the latest updates from health authorities for the most accurate information.

2. How is dengue transmitted in Sri Lanka?

   - Dengue is primarily transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Infected mosquitoes transmit the virus to humans through their bites.

3. What are the common symptoms of dengue in Sri Lanka?

   - Common symptoms include high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, and a skin rash. In severe cases, it can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome.

4. Which provinces in Sri Lanka are most affected by dengue?

   - The prevalence of dengue can vary across provinces. Regular updates from health authorities provide information on the areas most affected.

5. What preventive measures can individuals take to avoid dengue in Sri Lanka?

   - Preventive measures include using mosquito repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothing, using bed nets, and eliminating mosquito breeding sites by removing standing water around homes.

6.How is dengue diagnosed and treated in Sri Lanka?

   - Dengue diagnosis often involves blood tests. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms, and severe cases may require hospitalization for supportive care.

7. Are there any travel advisories related to dengue in Sri Lanka?

   - Travel advisories may be issued by health authorities. Travelers are encouraged to stay informed about the dengue situation and take necessary precautions.

8. What is the role of the National Dengue Control Unit (NDCU) in Sri Lanka?

   - The NDCU plays a crucial role in monitoring and controlling dengue outbreaks. It provides updates, coordinates prevention efforts, and implements control measures.

9. Is there a vaccine for dengue in Sri Lanka?

   - There is a dengue vaccine available, but its use may vary. Consult at nearest health Centre.

10. How can communities contribute to dengue prevention in Sri Lanka?

    - Communities can contribute by actively participating in mosquito control programs, raising awareness about preventive measures, and ensuring proper waste disposal to eliminate potential breeding sites.

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