What is surgery? | Surgery Meaning

Subarna Debbarma (BPT, DNHE)

What is surgery? | Surgery Meaning

"Surgery is medical technique in which your body is cut open so that part of it can be removed or repaired"

"Surgery" is a medical technique that involves the use of operative to investigate or treat various medical conditions. 

What is surgery? | Surgery Meaning

Who are Surgeons?

Surgeons are medical professionals who specialize in performing surgical procedures, and surgery itself can be a crucial component of medical care for a wide range of conditions, injuries, and diseases. The primary goals of surgery may include the removal of diseased or damaged tissues, repair of injuries, correction of abnormalities, and improvement of bodily functions.

Types of surgery

Sugary can devide into various disciplines like - according to procedure, according to the severity, but here i will  tell you according to the department as well as examples.

Here are some common types of surgery (according to depertment):

1. Orthopedic Surgery:

   Joint Replacement Surgery: Involves replacing damaged or arthritic joints, such as hip or knee joints, with artificial prostheses.
   Fracture Repair: Surgical repair of broken bones, often involving the use of pins, plates, or screws.

2. Cardiovascular Surgery:

   Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG): Redirects blood flow around blocked coronary arteries to improve blood supply to the heart.
   Heart Valve Replacement: Involves replacing damaged or malfunctioning heart valves with artificial valves.

3. Neurosurgery:

   Brain Surgery: Addresses conditions such as tumors, aneurysms, or bleeding in the brain.
   Spinal Surgery: Involves procedures on the spine, such as spinal fusion or disc replacement.

4. Gastrointestinal Surgery:

   Appendectomy: Removal of the appendix, often due to inflammation or infection.
   Gastric Bypass Surgery: A type of weight-loss surgery that reduces the size of the stomach and reroutes the digestive tract.

5. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery:

   Breast Reconstruction: Restores the shape and appearance of the breast after mastectomy.
   Facelift or Rhinoplasty: Cosmetic procedures to enhance or reshape facial features.

6. General Surgery:

   Hernia Repair: Involves closing a gap or weakness in the abdominal wall.
   Gallbladder Removal (Cholecystectomy): Surgical removal of the gallbladder, often due to gallstones.

7. Urological Surgery:

   Prostatectomy: Removal of the prostate gland, often performed for prostate cancer.
   Kidney Transplant: Surgical transplantation of a healthy kidney into a patient with kidney failure.

8. Gynecological Surgery:

   Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus, often performed for conditions like fibroids or cancer.
   Ovarian Cyst Removal: Surgical removal of cysts from the ovaries.

9. Ophthalmic Surgery:

   Cataract Surgery: Involves removing a cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.
   Laser Eye Surgery: Refractive procedures to correct vision problems, such as LASIK.

10. ENT (Ear, Nose, Throat) Surgery:

    Tonsillectomy: Removal of the tonsils, often performed to treat recurrent infections.
    Sinus Surgery: Addresses sinus-related issues, such as chronic sinusitis.

11. Thoracic Surgery:

    Lung Resection: Removal of part or all of a lung, often performed for lung cancer.
    Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Surgical repair of a weakened and bulging aorta in the chest.

These are just a few examples, and there are many more types of surgery, each with its own specific indications and techniques.

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