JN 1 COVID Symptoms, preventive measures & Cases in India: The new variant of corona virus JN 1 is spreading in India

Subarna Debbarma (BPT, DNHE)
Jn 1 Covid
Covid Testing 

What is  JN 1 Covid?

In the view of Dr. Amesh Adalja, M.D., a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, the JN.1 Covid variant, stemming from BA.2.86, is identified as another iteration within the Omicron lineage. Dr. Adalja explains that BA.2.86 carries over 20 mutations on the spike protein, initially raising concerns about its potential impact when it was initially identified.

What is the symptoms of JN 1 covid?

William Schaffner, M.D., a professor at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, emphasizes that current data doesn't indicate any distinctive symptoms caused by the JN 1 Covid variant compared to previous COVID-19 variations. "It's an Omicron variant and seems to exhibit similarities," he mentions. For a quick reminder, the JN 1 Covid symptoms that include:

- Fever or chills
- Cough
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Fatigue
- Muscle or body aches
- Headache
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
- Diarrhea

JN 1 Covid Symptoms & Descriptions

Jn 1 covid symptoms

Which test is done for JN 1 Covid?

The RT-PCR (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction) test is a commonly used diagnostic test for detecting the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes JN 1 covid. Here's a brief overview of the RT-PCR test for JN 1 covid:

Sample Collection: The test typically involves collecting respiratory specimens such as nasal or throat swabs. Sometimes, samples from the lower respiratory tract, such as sputum, may also be collected.

RNA Extraction: After collecting the sample, the RNA (genetic material) of the virus is extracted from the sample. This step is crucial for the PCR process.

Reverse Transcription: The extracted RNA is converted into DNA using an enzyme called reverse transcriptase. This step is necessary because SARS-CoV-2 is an RNA virus, and the PCR process requires DNA.

Amplification (Polymerase Chain Reaction): The DNA is then amplified using specific primers and enzymes in multiple cycles. This process helps in detecting the presence of the virus by making millions of copies of the DNA, allowing for its detection if present in the sample.

Detection: Fluorescent markers or other detection methods are used to identify whether the genetic material of the virus is present in the sample. If the virus is detected, the test result is considered positive for COVID-19.

JN 1 Covid Cases in India

Over 4,000 active JN 1 Covid cases have been identified in India, with the country's initial case linked to the JN.1 variant detected in Kerala on December 8th.

The Union Health Ministry reported, increase of 760 JN 1 covid cases along with two deaths within the past 24 hours in India, as stated on Thursday.

Official sources reported on Wednesday a total of 511 cases of JN 1 covid infections in the country thus far, with Karnataka registering the highest count. Specifically, Karnataka accounted for 199 cases, followed by 148 cases in Kerala, 47 in Goa, 36 in Gujarat, 32 in Maharashtra, 26 in Tamil Nadu, 15 in Delhi, four in Rajasthan, two in Telangana, and one each in Odisha and Haryana.

Should we be worried about JN 1 Covid?

"JN 1 Covid is rapidly spreading across various regions, including the U.S. According to Dr. Russo, this variant has been identified in several countries such as the U.S.,India, Iceland, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, and is showing an increased prevalence in France, indicating a growing trend."

But Dr. Russo says there’s no need to panic. “We don’t think it causes more severe disease than other variants,” he says. Dr. Adalja agrees that this is nothing to freak out about. “Due to the level of immunity in the population and variant-agnostic therapies like Paxlovid, the risk that a variant significantly changes the status of COVID in the country has become very low,” he says.

Read More - Dr Maria talks about the current surge in respiratory diseases and JN 1 Covid subvariant

Preventive Measures of JN 1 Covid

Preventing the spread of JN 1 Covid involves a combination of personal actions, public health measures, and adherence to guidelines set by health authorities. Here are some key preventive measures:

1. Vaccination: Getting vaccinated against COVID significantly reduces the risk of severe illness, hospitalization, and transmission. Follow national or local health guidelines regarding vaccination eligibility, booster doses, and recommended vaccines.

2. Masking: Wearing masks, especially in indoor settings or crowded places, helps prevent the spread of respiratory droplets that may contain the virus. Use masks that fit well and cover both the nose and mouth.

3. Hand Hygiene: Regularly wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing at least 60% alcohol. This helps in killing viruses that might be on your hands.

4. Physical Distancing: Maintain a safe distance (as recommended by health authorities) from individuals who don't live in your household, especially in crowded or enclosed spaces.

5. Good Respiratory Hygiene: Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow when coughing or sneezing. Dispose of used tissues properly and perform hand hygiene afterward.

6. Avoiding Crowded Places: Minimize non-essential gatherings, particularly in enclosed or poorly ventilated spaces where the risk of transmission is higher.

7. Ventilation: Ensure good ventilation in indoor spaces by opening windows and using air purifiers to reduce the concentration of potentially infectious particles.

8. Stay Informed: Stay updated with accurate information from reliable sources such as public health organizations or government health departments regarding guidelines, travel advisories, and local JN 1 Covid situation updates.

9. Health Monitoring: Monitor your health and seek medical advice if you experience JN 1 Covid symptoms. Follow healthcare recommendations regarding testing, treatment, and isolation.

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