Mesothelioma Lung Cancer Overview -

Subarna Debbarma (BPT, DNHE)


Mesothelioma Lung cancer diagram jpg

Mesothelioma lung cancer is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that primarily affects the thin lining of the lungs (pleura). It is often associated with exposure to asbestos, a mineral once widely used in construction and manufacturing.


In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for mesothelioma lung cancer.

Read- Mesothelioma survival Rate.             Mesothelioma Pathology Outlines  .     Mesothelioma & Treatment 

1. What are the Causes of Mesothelioma Lung Cancer ?

The primary cause of mesothelioma lung cancer is exposure to asbestos fibers. Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that was used in various industries for its heat-resistant and insulating properties. When asbestos-containing materials are disturbed or damaged, tiny asbestos fibers can be released into the air, and when inhaled or ingested, they can become lodged in the lungs or other organs, leading to the development of mesothelioma over time. 

Other factors that may increase the risk of mesothelioma include genetics, as some individuals may be genetically predisposed to the disease, and certain radiation treatments.

2. What are the Symptoms of Mesothelioma Lung Cancer ?

Mesothelioma symptoms often do not appear until the disease has reached an advanced stage, making early detection challenging. Common symptoms of mesothelioma lung cancer may include:

- Shortness of breath

- Chest pain or discomfort

- Persistent cough

- Fatigue

- Unexplained weight loss

- Swelling of the abdomen

- Lumps or masses in the chest or abdomen

- Difficulty swallowing

3. How to diagnose of Mesothelioma Lung Cancer ?

Diagnosing mesothelioma lung cancer typically involves a series of tests and examinations. These may include:

Medical history review: Discussing your medical history, asbestos exposure, and symptoms with a healthcare provider.

Physical examination: A physical examination to check for any signs of illness or abnormalities.

Imaging tests: These may include X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and PET scans to visualize the affected area and determine the extent of the disease.

Biopsy: A tissue sample is taken from the affected area, typically through a minimally invasive procedure or surgery, to confirm the presence of mesothelioma and determine its type and stage.

4. What are the Treatment Options for Mesothelioma Lung Cancer ?

The treatment approach for mesothelioma lung cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the disease, the type of mesothelioma, the patient's overall health, and their preferences. Common treatment options include:

1. Surgery: Surgical options may include removing the tumor, part of the affected lung, or the entire lung, depending on the stage and location of the cancer.

2. Radiation therapy: High-energy X-rays are used to target and kill cancer cells or shrink tumors.

3. Chemotherapy: Medications are administered to destroy cancer cells or slow their growth.

4. Immunotherapy: This treatment aims to boost the body's immune system to better target and fight cancer cells.

5. Targeted therapy: Medications are used to specifically target cancer cells and inhibit their growth.

5. Prognosis and Outlook

The prognosis for mesothelioma lung cancer varies widely depending on when the disease is diagnosed and the stage at which it is detected. Unfortunately, many cases are not diagnosed until they have reached an advanced stage, making treatment less effective.

However, advancements in treatment options and early detection methods have improved the outlook for some mesothelioma patients. It is essential to consult with healthcare professionals who specialize in mesothelioma to discuss the best treatment plan and prognosis for your specific case.

ReadMesothelioma Stages


"Mesothelioma lung cancer is a rare but aggressive disease primarily caused by asbestos exposure. Early detection and a multidisciplinary approach to treatment are essential for improving the prognosis of mesothelioma patients. If you or someone you know has been exposed to asbestos and is experiencing related symptoms, seeking medical attention promptly is crucial for early diagnosis and effective treatment. Awareness of the risks associated with asbestos exposure and regular check-ups can help reduce the impact of mesothelioma on individuals and their families."

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