The Modern Epidemic: Smartphones Causing Neck Pain in Young People

Subarna Debbarma (BPT, DNHE)

Text Neck Deformity Causing Neck Pain in Young People

Text Neck Deformity Causing Neck Pain in Young People


In the age of smartphones and digital devices, a growing concern has emerged among health professionals and researchers - the prevalence of "text neck" deformity among young people. As the usage of mobile phones becomes an integral part of daily life, the improper posture adopted while using these devices has led to a significant increase in neck pain and related issues. This article delves into the phenomenon of text neck deformity, its causes, consequences, and preventative measures.

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The Rise of Text Neck Deformity

Text neck deformity is a condition characterized by the forward head posture adopted while looking down at electronic devices, primarily smartphones. The natural curvature of the cervical spine becomes compromised, leading to increased stress on the neck muscles, ligaments, and discs. This unnatural alignment is a direct result of spending extended periods hunched over screens, texting, browsing social media, or playing games.

Causes and Contributing Factors

Several factors contribute to the development of text neck deformity among young people:

Drawing text Neck Deformity

1. Prolonged Device Usage: The habit of spending hours engrossed in smartphones without taking breaks encourages poor posture, ultimately leading to the deformity.

2. Lack of Ergonomics: Unlike desktop computers, mobile devices are often used without ergonomic considerations. The absence of proper support leads to strain on the neck muscles and spine.

3. Muscle Imbalance: Over time, the muscles at the front of the neck become stronger while those at the back weaken, exacerbating the forward head posture.

4. Effects on Developing Bodies: The spines of young people are still growing and developing, making them more susceptible to the negative impacts of poor posture.

Consequences of Text Neck Deformity

1. Neck Pain and Discomfort: The most immediate consequence is neck pain, ranging from mild discomfort to chronic pain that may require medical intervention.

2. Headaches: Forward head posture can trigger tension headaches due to increased stress on the neck muscles and surrounding tissues.

3. Reduced Range of Motion: Prolonged text neck deformity can lead to decreased flexibility and range of motion in the neck.

4. Spinal Misalignment: Over time, the unnatural curvature of the spine can lead to more serious issues such as spinal misalignment, disc herniation, and nerve impingement.

5. Postural Issues: Text neck deformity can extend beyond neck pain, affecting overall posture and contributing to poor alignment of the shoulders and upper back.

Preventative Measures

1. Raise Awareness: Educate young people about the risks of prolonged device usage and the importance of maintaining proper posture.

2. Ergonomics: Encourage ergonomic device use by holding devices at eye level, using stands or pillows, and taking regular breaks.

3. Exercises: Promote neck-strengthening exercises that target both the front and back of the neck to prevent muscle imbalances.

4. Limit Screen Time: Set time limits for device usage and encourage activities that promote physical activity and outdoor engagement.

5. Regular Breaks: Encourage frequent breaks during prolonged device usage to stretch and realign the spine.


The rise of text neck deformity among young people is a concerning health issue fueled by the digital age. As the allure of smartphones continues to captivate the younger generation, it is crucial to address the importance of maintaining proper posture and the potential consequences of neglecting it. By raising awareness, promoting ergonomic practices, and fostering healthy device usage habits, we can mitigate the impact of text neck deformity and ensure the well-being of our young population.

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